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Industrial and environmental inspection, vendor inspection, technical assistance, non-destructive testing (NDT) and technical staffing for all type of industries.
Multidisciplinary laboratories.Testing and engineering for product development. Conformity testing and product certification. SYSTEMS CERTIFICATION.
Statutory vehicle inspection services and emission & gas testing solutions worldwide.
Design, engineering, testing and homologation services for the automotive industry worldwide.
Liquid penetrant testing (LPT) is one of the most widely used non-destructive testing methods. LPT is based on capillarity or capillary attraction, where a liquid is able to flow into narrow spaces without the assistance of – or even in opposition to – external forces such as gravity. The materials processes and procedures used in liquid penetrant testing are designed to make the results of this capillary action visible and capable of interpretation. Liquid penetrant testing is an effective means of locating and determining the severity of surface discontinuities in materials, including those that are not visible to the naked eye.
Visible dye penetrant is typically red and uses a white developer to draw the dye back to the surface from inside the discontinuities by 'wicking' or capillary action; this is often referred to as the 'colour contrast' method. It is highly visible under natural light and may be used on a variety of materials. It is generally not as sensitive to very small discontinuities as the fluorescent method. However, it does not require special lighting conditions, therefore crews do not have to carry UV-A Lamps, blackout shades or power generators.
Fluorescent dye penetrant is typically green and uses a white developer to draw the dye back to the surface from inside the discontinuities by 'wicking' or capillary action. The fluorescent penetrant is characterised by its ability to emit visible radiation when excited by UV-A light and may be used on a variety of materials. Fluorescent penetrant is typically more sensitive than visible dye and is ranked into 4 levels of sensitivity. It does, however, require special lighting conditions: crews must have UV-A lamps, blackout shades and power generators in the field. Fluorescent-dye testing is easily performed under laboratory conditions.